International Journal of Engineering Technology and Scientific Innovation
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Emmanuel Nsengiyumva, J. M. Saulo and G. N. Nyakoe

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Emmanuel Nsengiyumva1, J. M. Saulo2 and G. N. Nyakoe3
1. Emmanuel Nsengiyumva
2. J. M. Saulo
3. G. N. Nyakoe

Nsengiyumva, Emmanuel, et al. "APPLICATION OF ADAPTIVE PROTECTION SCHEME IN DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS WITH DISTRIBUTED GENERATION: A REVIEW." IJETSI, vol. 3, no. 4, Sept.-Oct. 2018, pp. 236-249, Accessed Oct. 2018.
Nsengiyumva, Emmanuel, J. M. Saulo, and G. N. Nyakoe. "APPLICATION OF ADAPTIVE PROTECTION SCHEME IN DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS WITH DISTRIBUTED GENERATION: A REVIEW." IJETSI 3, no. 4 (September/October 2018), 236-249. Accessed October, 2018.

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Integration of renewable energy-based distributed generations (DGs) in power systems has become an active research area for the last few decades due to various economic, environmental, and political factors. The integration of DGs brings several challenges even if it offers many advantages. These challenges include protection schemes in transmission and distribution networks with the possibility of bidirectional power flow. Power system protection is one of the major issues of penetrating DGs into an existing distribution network. Besides increasing fault current level of the system caused by the interconnection of the DG, Integrating DG causes the system to lose its radial power flow. The loss of coordination between primary and backup relays is one of the disadvantages of integrating DGs, since traditional relay settings may fail or work incorrectly under new conditions. Hence, new protection schemes able to maintain protection coordination are strongly needed in distribution networks with a significant integration of DG. The trend is to use the Adaptive protection scheme which changes the settings of protection relays depending on the prevailing network configuration. In this paper, the literature on the Application of Adaptive Protection Scheme in distribution networks with DGs, is reviewed where the necessity for this scheme is clearly shown.