International Journal of Engineering Technology and Scientific Innovation
Submit Paper


Y. Baradey, M.N.A. Hawlader, M. Hrairi, A.F. Ismail

|| ||

Y. Baradey, M.N.A. Hawlader, M. Hrairi, A.F. Ismail
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Baradey, Y., et al. "DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES: A CRITICAL REVIEW." IJETSI, vol. 3, no. 3, July-Aug. 2018, pp. 160-186, Accessed Aug. 2018.
Baradey, Y., Hawlader, M., & Ismail, M. (2018, July/August). DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES: A CRITICAL REVIEW. IJETSI, 3(3), 160-186. Retrieved from
Baradey, Y., M.N.A. Hawlader, and M. Hrairi, A.F. Ismail. "DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES: A CRITICAL REVIEW." IJETSI 3, no. 3 (July/August 2018), 160-186. Accessed August, 2018.

[1]. Selvi S. R, Baskaran, R. Desalination of Well water by Solar Power Membrane Distillation and Reverse Osmosis and its Efficiency Analysis. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 2014, Vol.6, No.5, pp 2628-2636
[2]. Li, C., Goswami, Y., Stefanakos, E. Solar assisted sea water desalination: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013, 19, 136-163
[3]. Close, E., Sorensen, E. Modelling of Direct Contact Membrane Distillation for Desalination. Elsevier, 20th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering - ESCAPE20, 2010
[4]. Saidur, R., Elcevvadi, E.T., Mekhilef, S.,Safari, A., Mohammed, H.A. An overview of different distillation methods for small scale applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2011, Vol (15), 4756- 4764
[5]. Bahar, R., Hawlader, M.N.A. Desalination: Conversion of Seawater to Freshwater. 2nd International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering (ICMAAE 2013), 2013, 2-4 July, Kuala Lumpur
[6]. American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA). Membrane Desalination Costs., 2007
[7]. Bahar, R. Conversion of Saline Water to Fresh Water Using Air Gap Membrane Distillation (AGMD). A Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Mechanical Engineering National University of Singapore, 2010
[8]. Hawlader, M.N.A., Prasanta K. Dey, Sufyan.D, and Chung. C. Y. Solar Assisted Heat Pump Desalination system. Elsevier, desalination, 2004, vol. 168, pp 49 - 54
[9]. Tjandra, T.B. The Study of a Solar Assisted Heat Pump Desalination System. A Thesis Submitted For the Degree of Master of Engineering, Department Of Mechanical Engineering National University Of Singapore, 2007
[10]. Sagle, A and Freeman, B. Fundamentals of Membranes for Water Treatment. In The Future of Desalination in Texas: Volume 2, Report Number 363, Texas Water Development Board, Austin, TX, 2004, pp. 137-154
[11]. Khayet, M., Matsurra, T. Membrane Distillation: Principles and Applications. Elsevier, 978-0- 444-53126-1, 2011
[12]. Li, C. Innovative Desalination Systems Using Low-grade Heat. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Chemical & Biomedical Engineering College of Engineering University of South Florida, 2012
[13]. Malek, A., Hawlader, M.N.A., Ho, J.C. Design and economics of RO Seawater Desalination. Desalination, 1996, 105, 245-261
[14]. Compain, P. Solar Energy for Water desalination. Procedia Engineering, 2012, 46, 220- 227
[15]. Cath, T.Y., Adams, V.D., Childress, A.E. Experimental Study of Desalination Using Direct Contact Membrane Distillation: A New Approach to Flux Enhancement. Journal of Membrane Science, 2004, 228, 5-16
[16]. Gryta, M. Water Desalination by Membrane Distillation, Desalination, Trends and Technologies, Schorr, M (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-311-8, InTech, Available from: esalination-trends-andtechnologies/water- desalinationby-membrane distillation, 2011
[17]. Hickenbottom, K.L., Cath, T.Y. Sustainable Operation of Membrane Distillation for Enhancement of Mineral Recovery from Hypersaline Solutions. Journal of Membrane Science, 2014, 454, 426-435
[18]. Khayet, M., Matsuura, T., Qtaishat, M.R., Mengual, J.I. Porous hydrophobic/hydrophilic composite membranes preparation and application in DCMD desalination at higher temperatures. Desalination, 2006, 199,180-181
[19]. Baradey, Y., Hawlader, M.N.A., Ismail, A.F., Hrairi, M. Waste heat recovery in heat pump systems: solution to reduce the global warming. IIUM Engineering Journal, Special Issue on Energy Vol. 16, No. 2, 2015
[20]. Sukki, M.R., Ramirez-Iniguez, S. G., McMeekin, B. G., Stewart & Clive, B. Solar concentrators. International Journal of Applied S cience (IJAS), 2010, (1), 1-15.
[21]. Carter, N.T. (2015). Desalination and Membrane Technologies: Federal Research and Adoption Issues Washington D.C.. UNT Digital Library. ark:/67531/metadc501882/. Accessed January 30, 2016.
[22]. Summers, E.K., and Lienhard, J.H. (2013). A novel solar-driven air gap membrane distillation system. Desalination and water treatment, 51, 1344-1351
[23]. Zakaria M.A. A Solar Assisted Heat Pump System for Desalination. A Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Mechanical Engineering National University of Singapore, 2010
[24]. Zakaria, M.A., Ali, I.M., Hawlader, M.N.A., Essam A. A., Jamel, O., and Hany, A.A. Desalination with a Solar-Assisted Heat Pump: An Economic Optimization. IEEE Systems Journal, 2013, Vol. 7, No. 4, PP, 731-741
[25]. Buschert, D., Bitzer, B. Modeling a solar desalination. Proceedings of International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ'10) Granada (Spain), 23rd to 25th March, 2010
[26]. Hidouri, K., Slama, R.B., Gabsi, S. Desalination by Simple Solar Distiller Assisted by a Heat Pump. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 2011, 5, 1183-1188
[27]. Walton, J., Lu, H., Turner, C., Solis, S., Hein, H. Solar and Waste Heat Desalination by Membrane Distillation. College of Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968, Agreement No. 98-FC-81-0048. Desalination and Water Purification Research and Development Program Report No. 81, 2004
[28]. Mohan, G., and Soundararajan, H.N. Solar Desalination with Latent Heat Storage Materials and Solar Collector. Journal of Mechanics Engineering and Automation, 2011, 1, 126-134
[29]. Byrne, P.,Oumeziane, Y.A., Serres, L., Mare, T. Study of a Heat Pump for Simultaneous Cooling and Desalination. Applied Mechanics and Materials, Trans Tech Publications, 2016, Advances in Heat Transfer, Flow Engineering and Energy Installations, 2016, 819, pp.152-159. <10.4028/ 19.152>.
[30]. Water Association Desalination Committee (WADC). Seawater Desalination Costs: White Paper. Retrieved on 28 of January 2016 from wer_consumption_white_paper.pdf
[31]. Kesieme, U.K., Milne, N., Aral, H., Cheng, C.Y., Duke, M. Economic Analysis of Desalination Technologies in the Context of Carbon Pricing, and Opportunities for Membrane Distillation. Elsevier, Desalination, 2013, Vol (323), 66-74
[32]. Dey, P.K., Hawlader, M.N.A., Chou, S.K., Ho, J.C. Performance of a Single-Effect Desalination System Operating with Different Tube Profiles and Materials. Desalination, 2004, 166, 69-78
[33]. Arnal, J. M., Garciaa -Fayos, B., Sancho, M. (2011). Membrane Cleaning, Expanding Issues in Desalination, Prof. Robert Y. Ning (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-624-9, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/19760. Available from: xpanding- issues-indesalination/membrane-cleaning
[34]. Hsu, S.T., Cheng, K.T., Chiou, J.S. Seawater Desalination by Direct Contact Membrane Distillation. Desalination, 2002, Vol (143), 3, 279-287

The current world population is expected to increase to about 9 billion in the next fifty years, which will increase the intake of fresh water significantly. Purified water for drinking purposes has become problem especially in arid regions, and is considered, nowadays, one the most significant international health issue. Billions of Dollars are currently spent worldwide on different desalination technologies to produce fresh water from Brackish and Seawater in order to meet the world's population demand for drinking water. Demands for reducing the cost of the desalination processes by reducing/ eliminating the input energy have recently become a trend and significant topic for researches. Therefore, the need for decreasing or if possible eliminating the dependency of desalination technologies on fossil fuel and oil and make them environmentally friendly through integration with renewable energy sources has become inevitable. In this paper, a critical review of different aspects relevant to desalination technologies has been presented. The review includes demonstration and comparative study of the most popular desalination technologies currently in use and the focus is on Membrane desalination (MD). It also includes the advantages and feasibility of integration the desalination technologies with solar energy or waste heat sources. Recent developments in cost of Seawater and Brackish water desalination, types of membrane desalination, types of membrane, and fouling of membrane have been considered.